Subject-verb agreement is a critical aspect of good writing. It refers to ensuring that the subject of a sentence agrees with its verb in number. In other words, singular subjects require singular verbs, and plural subjects require plural verbs. Here are some rules to follow when it comes to subject-verb agreement:

Rule 1: Subject-verb agreement with a singular subject

When the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular. Here is an example:

– The dog runs fast.

In this sentence, the subject “dog” is singular, and the verb “runs” is also singular.

Rule 2: Subject-verb agreement with a plural subject

When the subject is plural, the verb should be plural as well. Here is an example:

– The dogs run fast.

In this sentence, the subject “dogs” is plural, and the verb “run” is also plural.

Rule 3: Subject-verb agreement with compound subjects

When a sentence has compound subjects joined by “and,” the verb should be plural. Here is an example:

– Tom and Jerry play football.

In this sentence, the subjects “Tom” and “Jerry” are joined by “and.” Therefore, the verb “play” is plural.

Rule 4: Subject-verb agreement with compound subjects joined by “or” or “nor”

When a sentence has compound subjects joined by “or” or “nor,” you should match the verb to the subject closest to the verb. Here is an example:

– Neither the cat nor the dog likes to swim.

In this sentence, the subject closest to the verb is “dog,” which is singular. Therefore, the verb “likes” is also singular.

Rule 5: Subject-verb agreement with compound subjects joined by “either…or” or “neither…nor”

When a sentence has compound subjects joined by “either…or” or “neither…nor,” you should match the verb to the subject closest to the verb. Here is an example:

– Either the cats or the dogs are going to the vet.

In this sentence, the subject closest to the verb is “dogs,” which is plural. Therefore, the verb “are” is also plural.

Following these rules for subject-verb agreement will help you write clear and concise sentences. Remember, always ensure that the subject and verb are in agreement to make your writing shine.