On December 12, 2015, 195 countries came together to sign the historic Paris Agreement, committing to reducing global carbon emissions and combating the devastating effects of climate change. The signing of this agreement marked a global effort to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, aiming for a target of 1.5°C.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding treaty that was adopted at COP21, the 21st Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Paris, France. The agreement sets out a framework for countries to work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, with the aim of limiting the increase in global temperature to well below 2°C, and pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C.

One of the most significant aspects of the Paris Agreement is the commitment to transparency and accountability. Each country is required to submit a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which outlines their target for reducing emissions and the steps they will take to achieve this. These targets are reviewed and updated every five years, with the aim of increasing ambition over time.

The Paris Agreement was a significant step forward in the global effort to combat climate change, but it is not without its challenges. While all countries have committed to reducing emissions, the level of ambition varies widely, and there is concern that some countries may not live up to their commitments. Additionally, the agreement does not have any enforcement mechanisms, meaning that countries are not legally required to meet their targets.

Despite these challenges, the Paris Agreement remains a landmark achievement in the battle against climate change. It is a testament to the global effort to reduce emissions and protect the planet for future generations. As countries continue to work together to reduce emissions and combat climate change, the Paris Agreement will remain a guiding framework for their efforts.